Open and Sustainable Innovation Systems (OASIS) Lab working notes

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problem formulation

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Q: Are people the most efficient routes to useful cross-boundary information?

Another related explanation could be the oblique nature of analogical inspiration: rather than an idea or a phrase or picture being "the idea" that you transfer, it may be more accurate to conceptualize a stimulus, such as an analogous paper as a point/component/spark in a process of inspiration that may lead to a good idea via adapting a direct solution, but also potentially via other routes, such as sparking problem formulation.

April 21st, 2020

Looked through ASIST proceedings backwards until 2017 for stuff related to WP: Synthesis empirical paper problem formulation

Z: Expert designers are solution-oriented

In the way they approach problem formulation, designers tend to jump in with solution conjectures more quickly, and not spend too much time on problem formulation

Z: Design proceeds by co-evolution of problem and solution space

see also problem formulation, although there is a fair amount of argument in design research that the way this happens with designers is fundamentally different in flavor, in that Z: Expert designers are solution-oriented: (much more "jump in", iterative) than a "scientific" approach (although it is debatable whether the scientific approach being contrasted with is a "strawman") - one early canonical paper for this is @lawsonCognitiveStrategiesArchitectural1979 (cited in @crossExpertiseDesignOverview2004)

Z: A significant proportion of the benefits of analogical stimuli is oblique or indirect

An analogy might be so analogically distant that thinking about it restructures the problem representation in such a way that access to a relevant analog or creative idea becomes now “open”, e.g., through relaxing of constraints or chunk decompositions (Knoblich et al, 1999).

Z: Synthesis is-necessary-for effective problem formulation

In the majority of cases, an effective synthesis of the problem domain is what enables a good problem formulation. Without such a synthesis, creators cannot adequately transform their Ill-structured problem into a tractable one they can make progress on.

April 21st, 2020

Related: a lot of problem formulation (and synthesis) relies on appraisal ; often this isn't really a Claim that authors themselves are making. But it still needs to be grounded in some way. This is critical grist for

problem formulation