Open and Sustainable Innovation Systems (OASIS) Lab working notes

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Q: What factors control whether people appropriately process analogies during problem solving?

Description

Need to refine this more. What do we mean by "appropriately process"?

Classically, this has been studied in cognitive science in terms of Spontaneous Analogical Transfer: that is, given that we know you have encountered some piece of knowledge that we know is analogous to your current problem, how likely is it that you will correctly notice the mapping and transfer that analogy to solve your problem?

In general, this is a hard problem. It's quite tricky to get people to benefit from analogical inspirations, even if we know they are "good". Original demonstration from @gickAnalogicalProblemSolving1980

In the setting of analogical inspiration systems, the situation is slightly different: we have many options for controlling the manner in which you encounter an analogy.

Abstractness/concreteness of the analogy

Examples? Schemas?

Modality of the analogy (related to the first) @chanBenefitsPitfallsAnalogies2011

Some work showing that people do more Spontaneous Analogical Transfer

Manner of processing

Probably biggest effect: Analogical Comparison with at least two analogs. The comparison process (if appropriately scaffolded) leads to processing of them in terms of Schemas, which then predicts spontaneous transfer.

Q: What factors control whether people appropriately process analogies during problem solving?