Open and Sustainable Innovation Systems (OASIS) Lab working notes

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Q: What is the effect of analogical distance of inspirations on creative output?

Description

Effects

Mixed / it depends

observation-notes Crowd workers generated the most novel and practical ideas when given analogical inspirations found from domain-independent, concrete constraint problem descriptions, compared to inspirations from domain-independent abstract constraints, domain-dependent concrete constraints, or domain-dependent abstract constraints (which were about equal)
@yuDistributedAnalogicalIdea2016a

observation-notes Concepts tended to be more similar to their preceding concepts after far analogy use compared to baseline situations (i.e., without far analogy use).
@chanImpactAnalogiesCreative2015

25 cases is also really really small for a correlation analysis.

I think the most we can say from this is an existence proof that relatively near analogies can frequently lead to quite innovative outcomes.

Telling that I previously classified this study as "anecdotal"! Yikes... This was a rigorously done multiple-case-study analysis.

These are technically not analogies, but are somewhat relatinoal in that the stimulus words are verbs

Concepts generated by engineering graduate students who received stimulus verbs that were antonyms of the core functions of a problem generated were judged to be more novel than students who receive stimulus verbs that were synonyms of the core functions of the problem. This effect was robust for two out of four problems studied.

Concepts generated by engineering graduate students who received stimulus verbs that were antonyms of the core functions of a problem generated were judged to be more useful than students who receive stimulus verbs that were synonyms of the core functions of the problem. This effect was robust for two out of four problems studied.

Concepts generated by engineering graduate students who received stimulus verbs that were antonyms of the core functions of a problem generated were judged to be more cohesive than students who receive stimulus verbs that were synonyms of the core functions of the problem. This effect was robust for only 1 out of 4 problems studied.

context for the empirical studies

time scale

statistical power

problem type

evidence strength (base)

strong

weak

too many factors, need to refactor to focus on different sub-questions by outcome measure (novelty, usefulness, compound, etc.)

how distance is measured

whether analogy is strictly speaking what is going on... important, or not?

what outcome is measured and how

compound

novelty

Concepts generated by engineering graduate students who received stimulus verbs that were antonyms of the core functions of a problem generated were judged to be more novel than students who receive stimulus verbs that were synonyms of the core functions of the problem. This effect was robust for two out of four problems studied.
@chiuInvestigatingEffectsOppositely2012

usefulness/value

Concepts generated by engineering graduate students who received stimulus verbs that were antonyms of the core functions of a problem generated were judged to be more useful than students who receive stimulus verbs that were synonyms of the core functions of the problem. This effect was robust for two out of four problems studied.
@chiuInvestigatingEffectsOppositely2012

other??

cohesiveness

when it happens

R-Sources

From diss lit review

Theory/argument

Screenshot from diss lit review

Title: Analogical connections: The essence of creativity

Meta:

Authored by:: Tony Poze

Year: 1983

Publication: The Journal of creative behavior

Zotero link: Zotero Link

Content

Abstract

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Q: What is the effect of analogical distance of inspirations on creative output?