Open and Sustainable Innovation Systems (OASIS) Lab working notes

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far analogies

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@holyoakMentalLeapsAnalogy1996

With the concept of mapping via abstract higher-order relations like "cause" (and here we can think about the whole range of functions in engineering, such as "transform", "import", etc.), we can begin to see why far analogies might be the most useful and produce the most interesting creative leaps. I think part of the story is that, all things being equal, the nearer the analogy, the greater the overlap in knowledge between the target and source, and thus the lesser the opportunity for interesting alterations to the target representation.

@chanImpactAnalogiesCreative2015

observation-notes Concepts tended to be more similar to their preceding concepts after far analogy use compared to baseline situations (i.e., without far analogy use).

@chanImpactAnalogiesCreative2015

observation-notes far analogies increased the teams concept generation rate compared to baseline conditions.

@yuDistributedAnalogicalIdea2016a

observation-notes Analogical inspirations found by crowd workers from domain-independent concrete-constraint searches were somewhat far analogies

Z: A significant proportion of the benefits of analogical stimuli is oblique or indirect

An analogy might be so analogically distant that thinking about it restructures the problem representation in such a way that access to a relevant analog or creative idea becomes now “open”, e.g., through relaxing of constraints or chunk decompositions (Knoblich et al, 1999).

far analogies